Before each race each, equipment such as helmets are required to be inspected by Race Scrutineers so that basic safety requirements are met. Please note that even though your car is inspected it is your responsibility to ensure that your car is safe.
When preparing your car for the Geelong Revival Motoring Festival, ensure that you consult the CAMS Manual of Motorsport. It contains a wealth of information that you should use to ensure that you have a safe vehicle. The General Requirements for Cars and Drivers section lists what is required when you go racing.
When you present your car for scrutineering we will be looking for compliance with the following things. Even if your car complies with these, the scrutineer will still be asking “is this vehicle safe?” and may ask you to fix something or not allow you to race. The following extracts from the CAMS manual will give you an idea of what the scrutineers will be looking for:
2. All automobiles shall, if necessity, in all competitions, be fitted with some form of protection between engine and driver’s compartment suitable and sufficient for preventing the passage of flame.
This means that your car needs to have a firewall that doesn’t have big holes in it. Our preference is to have no holes. A small hole in the firewall doesn’t sound like a big deal, however if you have an under bonnet fire at speed the flame may be being pushed into the cockpit by a 100km/hr wind. You wouldn’t want to be sitting in the path of that potential flame-thrower.
6. If manufactured prior to 1 January 1978 (or otherwise does not comply with ADR25A) and not registered for use on public roads, have any steering column locking device removed or disabled
This is self explanatory. If your car is not registered and is older than 1978 then remove the steering locking mechanism. Even if your car is younger than that and unregistered it would be preferable to remove the locking mechanism.
10. be fitted with safety harness or seat belts as prescribed in Schedule I
This means you need the minimum of a lap-sash seat belt.
Before you come to the track, inspect your belt for signs of wear. Any fraying of the webbing, on the edges or in the middle, will not be allowed. If you find any damage to the webbing REPLACE THE BELT.
Check it over the whole length if you have a retractable belt. This is an important part of your safety and cannot be compromised. If you have mounted a harness into your car then it shall be mounted in accordance to the following diagram.
||FIA 8853/98 Note 1 FIA 8853 – 1985 SFI 16.1 Note 2
|| “Not valid after XXXX” shown on each strap. Harness not
to be used after 31 December of the year stated (XXXX).
This five-year life is imposed by the FIA. • Harness to be returned to original manufacturer for re-webbing
within two years of the date of manufacture shown on SFI label. This requirement imposed by SFI Foundation (inc).
||FIA 8854/98 Note 1 FIA 8854 – 1991 SFI 16.1 Note 2 AS 2596 ECE R16
||AS 2596 ECE R16 AS E35
||Seat belts as fitted to production cars as standard equipment and marked as complying with ADR 4/00 or 4/01 shall be deemed as complying with AS2596
||ECE R16 AS E35
All automobiles shall, of necessity, in all speed events:
1. be fitted with at least two independent fastening systems, of adequate strength and limited extensibility, which simultaneously hold the bonnets or panels closed. In other than races, registered production cars manufactured after 1 January, 1973, and other cars as explicitly approved by CAMS may utilise the original, unmodified manufacturer’s components for securing the bonnet, without the use of a secondary restraint mechanism
Secondary bonnet restraints always cause some concern for first timers to the track. However if yourr bonnet is in original condition we are happy to allow the original primary and secondary bonnet catches, provided that they are unmodified and in good condition.
If you want to be sure that you bonnet stays shut, fit bonnet pins.
4. be fitted with an in-date fire extinguisher or fire extinguishing system in working order and of a type and capacity as specified in Schedule H as is appropriate
This means a 900g fire extinguisher mounted in a metal bracket bolted to a strong part of the vehicle. The extinguisher will be checked visually in the scrutineering area for general condition and pressure. Do not mount the extinguisher with a plastic bracket – this bracket is good for your kitchen and has no place in a race car. Issue 151 of the CAMS magazine, Peter Lawrence has this to say about mounting fire extinguishers in cockpits.
“The following recommendations are therefore made (on how to mount a fire extinguisher)
- Use a metal bracket with some form of support to prevent sideways movement,
- Use two straps that go behind the steel bracket and tightly hold the extinguisher,
- Use at least four 3mm bolts (or two x 5mm) with load spreading washers and locknuts, and
- Orientate the extinguisher across the car rather than longitudinally.”
The entire article from Peter Lawrence can be found here.
5. be so constructed that, in the event of any breakage, any longitudinal tailshaft, its components or mountings shall be effectively prevented from striking the ground.
This means that you need to fit a tailshaft loop. The reason they are important is that they catch the tailshaft if a universal joint or CV joint fails, stopping the car from “pole vaulting” when the shaft sticks into the ground. If you have a two piece tailshaft, then you need two tailshaft loops.
This does not apply to road registered vehicles however it is strongly recommended.
10. on each throttle, whether butterfly, slide or other type, be fitted with a return mechanism which in the event of the throttle linkage becoming detached will in all cases return each throttle to the closed position
We interpret this as fitting two return springs to each and every throttle shaft. Do not fit the springs to a shaft or linkage that is not the throttle shaft or you will be sent away to move it to the throttle shaft – THIS DOES NOT MEET THE REQUIREMENT.
12. be fitted with an operable reverse gear You may be asked to engage reverse gear and drive backwards a little bit before leaving the scrutineering bay.
13. be fitted with an exhaust system the outlet pipe/s of which shall be directed either rearwards or sideways. If rearwards, their orifices shall be between 100mm and 450mm above the ground and they shall not protrude by more than 150mm beyond the rearmost portion of the car. If they are directed sideways, their orifices must be located aft of a vertical plane passing through the midpoint of the wheelbase. They may neither project in any way beyond the maximum width of coachwork nor terminate at a point more than 50mm within the projected plan of the adjacent coachwork. Adequate protection shall be provided to prevent heated exhaust pipes from causing burns.
14. have, on the external coachwork, a blue triangle of sides 150mm, which indicates the position of the battery.
Put an appropriate triangle on the outside bodywork either above or beside where the battery is located. This is cheap and easy to do, just get some contact and make your own.
15. be fitted with a flame- or liquid-proof bulkhead, which may be of transparent material, which effectively separates the compartment occupied by the crew from any component of the fuel tank or re-fuelling system This is to cover vehicles fitted with boot mounted fuel tanks, so that if there is a leak from the tank or lines it is kept out of the passenger compartment. This normally means that you need to put a sealing panel behind the rear seat to separate the fuel tank from the cockpit. If you fuel tank is under floor and not in the boot, then you still may want to fit a bulkhead, though it isn’t necessarily required.
It is compulsory, in all races, speed events and in other events where helmets are required, that drivers wear helmets of a standard design, construction and fitting approved by CAMS.
Helmets not marked as complying with the approved standard may be approved by CAMS under certain condition.
Helmets bearing any of the following marks are approved for use in racing, speed events, special stage rallies and other events where helmets are required and the event is not entered on the FIA International Sporting Calendar:
- AS1698 – Australian standard
- Snell SA95, SA2000, SA2005 – USA standard
- SFI Spec 31.1, 31.2, 31.1A, 31.2A – USA standard
- SFI Spec 24.1 – see Note (i) (d) – USA standard
- E22 (with 03, 04 or 05 amendments) – European standard
- BS 6658-85 Type A and A/FR(incl. amendments) – British standard
- 8860-2004 – FIA standard
Goggles or visors must be worn by drivers of open cars. Those with glass lenses of any kind are not acceptable. Lenses shall be of a plastic material, with high-impact resistance, satisfactory optical qualities and complying with Australian Standard Specification AS 1609-1981, BS4110Z or equivalent international standard. Goggles must be configured so as to minimise the entry of dust into the eye from any angle, and be positively retained by an elastic strap behind the head or helmet. Conventional style glasses are not acceptable.
Make sure that your helmet is in good condition and that it has a sticker or label on it with a mark of at least one the above standards.
In speed events, clothing for drivers and crew members must be from ankles to neck to wrists. Clothing and footwear of flammable synthetic material, such as nylon, is not acceptable. This is mentioned at the drivers’ briefing before every event.
Roll over protection structures which do not comply with these regulations or are not otherwise specifically approved by CAMS or the FIA are prohibited in all levels of competition. However, in cases where the type and/or status of the event does not require a vehicle to be fitted with any form of roll over protection, approval of structures which do not comply with these regulations may be granted for the event by the Stewards of the Meeting. Roll cages are not required for the sprint events run at the Geelong Revival Motoring Festival. However if your car is fitted with one then it will be inspected to see if it is in good condition and has sufficient padding and has no sharp projections etc.
Other items that we will be inspecting at scrutineering are the following:
Battery mounting. If the scrutineer can grab your battery and move it around it is not mounted securely and you need to fix it.
Fuel lines. Need to be free from cracks and wear marks and generally be in excellent condition. Fuel hose doesn’t cost much so go over it before you come to the track and if it has any signs of wear or deterioration, replace it.
Check all fuel line clamps. The preferred clamp is a screw clamp in good condition.
Most cars are fitted with constant tension clamp from the factory, though these can eventually lose their grip on the hose and allow it to come loose. Once this happens it cannot be tightened like the preferred screw hose clamp. Good quality clamps have smooth edges and no holes so that the fuel hose is not damaged by the clamp. So if you are buying clamps get the good ones.
A quick check of the brake pedal feel is done by the scrutineers. If the pedal goes to the floor you will be sent away to fix it. The flexible brake lines will also be inspected to make sure that they are in good condition.
Trim, in particular door trims. The cockpit of your car is one of the things that is going to injure you in an accident. Most race cars have been lightened in some way and removing the door trims is a very popular thing to do. However this reveals lots of holes in the door panels, all with sharp edges ready to injure you in an accident. If you remove the door trims, cover any holes with a suitable material such a aluminium sheet, or leave the trims there – they don’t weigh that much.
At scrutineering, a simple steering check will be done to ensure that there is not too much play in the steering.